Reverseme Windows Keygen

This one was challenging for me, and took me several hours, but was fun. I got caught up on certain parts that may not have been too difficult, but, yeah…

http://crackmes.de/users/tripletordo/ice9/

You can download the executable here Ice9.zip.

The first thing I noticed is probably the ‘trick’ which was simply a call to isdebuggerpresent. I modified the assembly immediately after from JNE to JE so that it only runs if a debugger is present, allowing me to attach my debugger.

00401071 74 0A JE SHORT Ice9.0040107D

This took a lot of trial and error. My strategy was to replicate the logic. Once I got to the point ‘ecx at 0040119c’ I was home free.

#include <iostream>
#include <string>
using namespace std;

void main (int argc, char *argv[]) {
  if ( argc != 2) {
    cout<<"Bad usage, enter a name > 4 letters"<<endl;
	return;
  }
  string name = argv[1];
  string ostring = name;
  int i;
  //first reverse the string
  for (i=0; i<name.length(); i++) {
    name[i] = ostring [name.length()-i-1];
  }
  
  if (name.length() < 4) {
    cout << "name must be more than 4 letters chief"<<endl;
	return;
  }
  

  int v1 = 0;
  int cum = 0;
  for (i=1; i<name.length(); i++) {
    v1 = name[i];
	if (name[i] <= 90) {
	  if (v1 >= 65)
	    v1 += 44;
	}
	cum += v1;
  } //ecx at 0040119C
  
  cum = 9 * (12345 * (cum + 666) - 23);
  
  char chr_403119 [122];
  unsigned int v;
  i=0;
  //no bounds checking
  do {
    v = cum;
	cum /= 0xA;
	chr_403119[i++] = v % 10 + 48;
  } while (v / 10);
  chr_403119[i] = '\0';
  
  printf ("%s", chr_403119);
  string serial = "";

  //reverse the string
  for (; i >= 0; --i) {
    serial += chr_403119[i];
  }
  cout<<serial<<endl;
  
  //append all chars except the 'first' three to the end 
  for (i=3; i< ostring.length(); i++) {
    serial += ostring[i];
  }
  
  cout<<serial<<endl;

}

My plan on this one, since it was interesting enough and because it’s relatively easy to break at the final value, is to break this a completely different way. I’d like to write a python debugging script that bypasses the isdebuggerpresent and just grabs the final value in the compare at 004011FF. This should be relatively straightforward, and hopefully a good ‘hello, world’ to the world of python debugging. Stay tuned.

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